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Resources to Review Prior to Conference


Goals and Objectives

  • Trainee will demonstrate competence in the initial evaluation and basic management of patients with shock


Trainee will be able to:

  • List the four categories of shock and common etiologies for each category

    • Hypovolemic

      • Blood loss

      • Dehydration

    • Cardiogenic

      • Arrhythmia

      • ACS

      • Heart Failure

      • Valvular Disease

    • Distributive

      • Sepsis

      • Neurogenic

      • Anaphylaxis

      • Endocrine

    • Obstructive

      • Pulmonary Embolism

      • Tension Pneumothorax

      • Cardiac Tamponade

  • Describe history and physical exam findings to support the diagnosis of each type of shock

  • Describe basic management of patients in each category of shock


Additional Resources

Approach, General

Initial Assessment, General

Therapeutics, General

Anaphylactic Shock

Cardiogenic Shock

Hemorrhagic Shock

Neurogenic Shock


Obstructive Shock

Septic Shock​
  • See: Sepsis (EM Fundamentals)

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